By Eugene Majuru.
London. (News of The South) – Remains of Zimbabwe’s First Chimurenga war heroes Mbuya Nehanda et al are yet to he repatriated to the Southern African nation where they are to be laid to rest in peace.First Chimurenga war heroes Mbuya Nehanda, Sekuru Kaguvi, Chief Chingaira Makoni, Chief Mapondera, Chief Chinengundu, Chief Mashonganyika, Chief Chiwashira were brutally executed and their heads were brought to London as war trophies and were paraded for all to see. The First Chimurenga war broke out around 1897 - 1897.
The skulls and other remains are being kept at the Natural History Museum in London. Efforts to have the repatriation process in motion stepped up in 2018 and saw the first public event hosted in Leicester. The event titled " Return The skulls of Zimbabwe's First Chimurenga war heroes Mbuya Nehanda et all was held on June 30 at peepul centre in leicester. In attendance were also Zimbabwe's Environment and Tourism Minister Prisca Mapfumira and ZTA CEO Dr Karikoga Kaseke. The event was also connected to the launch of the Great Zimbabwe International Festival a Tourism, cultural and historic festival aimed at promoting domestic and international tourism and highlighting the importance of Zimbabwe's Great Zimbabwe Monuments a World Heritage site.
Leaders of the First Chimurenga had spiritual powers which they used to guide Zimbabweans in the resistence against colonialists. A few of the Zimbanqeans were armed with guns which they acquired during trade with the Portuguese. The majority of Zimbabweans fought tue war using bow and arrows and relied mostly on the guidance and powers of the spiritualists which was used to execute the war.
One Chief Mashayamombe gave British colonialists a hard time in Chegutu where they managed to kill many British including the native Commissioner. Remains/skulls of the executed leaders were taken to london as war trophies, the British did the same to the Mau Mau of Kenya and in India they did the same as well as in several African nations.
Mbuya Nehanda was executed in Harare on Chief Mbari's land. Zimbabwe' s capital city is housed in Harare and everything that drives and makes Zimbabwe is also housed in Harare. The long gone Chief Mbari and other Mbari Ancestors continue to communicate to Mbari clan members to remind them to ensure remains of especially Mbuya Nehanda and other spiritualists and nationalists are brought home so that the ceremonies can be conducted and their remains can be laid to rest on Zimbabwean soil. Right now those remains are on foreign land and the heroes souls are not at peace. This issue is also haunting the Mbari clan who have a task to carry out a ceremony connected to Mbuya Nehanda as she was killed on Mbari's land. The Ancestors have also communicated that Harare is not clean and Mbari clan are to conduct a cleansing ceremony in the city, the city forefathers and owners of the land have also called for restoration of Mbari Chieftainship as Harare is the only city where Chieftainship has not been restored since Zimbabwe gained Inpedendence from British colonial rule in 1980.
Zezuru Chief Mbari owned the land Harare, Mazoe and Mount Hampden until the Colonialists arrived around 1896 where they massacred large members of the Mbari clan before setting up the capital of Rhodesia on Mbari's land and moubted the Union Jack flag at the Kopje which was once known as Chihoka hill. Chief Mbari's kingdom was based on the now Kopje a highly elevated hill now one of Zimbabwe's national monuments.
The writer of this article who is also a descendant of Chief Mbari is working towards the repatriation of the remains of the war heroes back to Zimbabwe. She is also working together with UK based Zimbabwean Pastor Richard Tembo.
A series of meetings have already been held with Natural history Museum Head. Only a small anount of work is left to complete the process and they are working with the team in Harare towards ensuring the repatriation becomes a reality.
The long overdue spiritual ceremonies to be conducted on the return of the remains have an impact on peace in Zimbabwe. ( zvinengozi).
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